DAVVI Refreshing
Aftershave Eau de Toilette 100 ml

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Are there terms that you don’t understand in the text? You can check their meanings in the glossary.

Fresh northern coniferous forest scent, with a hint of citrus and ginger.

Dose into the palm of your hand and lightly pat onto the facial skin.

Effects

• calms the skin, prevents inflammations
• reduces redness
• stimulates the surface circulation
• repairs damages caused by UV radiation and ageing

Active substances

Spruce shoot extract, Cranberry extract, Juniper extract, Blueberry leaf extract

Spruce has been used as a medicinal herb for centuries. The ethereal oil and essences from the the spruce shoot extract are used for disinfection and treatment of inflammations, and they are very commonly used in aromatherapy. The vitamin C contained in the extract reduces DNA damages caused by UV radiation, and flavonoids stimulate the collagen production of the skin. Skin will strengthen and become vital and surface circulation will increase.

SPRUCE SHOOT EXTRACT CONTAINS
A and C vitamins
minerals
volatile oils
flavonoids, lignans
phytoestrol, stilbenes, leucoanthocyanidins, catechin
aromatic and organic acids

Cranberry is an antibacterial berry that contains plenty of benzoic acid, like lingonberry, a substance promoting natural stability of the skin. Vitamin C and proanthocyanidins contained in the cranberry extract act also as antioxidants and prevent inflammations.

CRANBERRY EXTRACT CONTAINS
malic, citric and benzoic acid
vitamin C
tannins: proanthocyanidins
antioxidants, flavonoids
polyphenols, lignans

Juniper species have been used for thousands of years in traditional medicine, especially in the Mediterranean region for antiseptic baths for example or to treat severe skin conditions. Juniper has antibacterial, refreshing effects, which stimulate the surface circulation and reduce the mucous membrane surface area. It’s also used in cosmetics because of the typical fragrance of coniferous plants. The vitamin C contained in the extract reduces DNA damages caused by UV radiation and increases the skin collagen production.

JUNIPER EXTRACT CONTAINS
vitamin C
terpenoids, aromatic compounds
aldehydes, alkanes
tanning substances

Blueberry leaf extract has been used in Scandinavian traditional medicine to treat wounds and other skin injuries. It reduces redness of the skin and improves the skin's metabolism. The leaves reduce the pore sizes, lower the fat levels and prevent the growth of viruses. Contains natural arbutin that makes the skin lighter. Blueberry leaf extract contains vitamin E which reduces wrinkles and sun-induced stress, prevents ageing and improves the skin's surface structure and appearance.

BLUEBERRY LEAF EXTRACT CONTAINS
tannins, proanthocyanidin, flavonol and hydroxycinnamic acid
arbutin, neomyrtillin, vitamin A, manganese, iron and chromium
plenty of organic acids
flavonoids

INCI list

Aqua, Glycerin, Propanediol, Alcohol, Parfum (Natural Fragnance Oil), Picea Abies (Spruce) Leaf Extract, Juniperus Communis (Juniper) Leaf Extract, Vaccinium Myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruit Extract, Vaccinium Microcarpum (Cranberry) Fruit Extract, Phenethyl Alcohol, Acacia Senegal Gum, Xanthan Gum

Studies

Spruce shoot extract

Sipponen A, Rautio M, Jokinen JJ, Laakso T, Saranpää P, Lohi J: Resin-salve from Norway spruce--a potential method to treat infected chronic skin ulcers? Drug Metabolism Letters, 2/2007: 143-145.

Rautio M, Sipponen A, Peltola R, Lohi J, Jokinen JJ, Papp A, Carlson P, Sipponen P: Antibacterial effects of home-made resin salve from Norway spruce (Picea abies). APMIS, 4/2007: 335-340.

Tebbe B, Wu S, Geilen CC, Eberle J, Kodelja V, Orfanos CE: L-ascorbic acid inhibits UVA-induced lipid peroxidation and secretion of IL-1alpha and IL-6 in cultured human keratinocytes in vitro. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 1997; 108: 302-306.

Stewart MS, Cameron GS, Pence BC: Antioxidant nutrients protect against UVB-induced oxidative damage to DNA of mouse keratinocytes in culture. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 5/1996: 1086-1089

Amin MN, Liza KF, Sarwar MS, Ahmed J, Adnan MT, Chowdhury MI, Hossain MZ, Islam MS: Effect of lipid peroxidation, antioxidants, macro minerals and trace elements on eczema. Archives of Dermatological Research, 13.5.2015. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25967637 Viitattu 12.6.2015

Cranberry extract

http://www.kuopioinnovation.fi/uploads/aineistopankki/elintarvikekehitys_fi/Selvitys%20marjojen%20terveysvaikutusten%20kliinisest%C3%A4%20tutkimusn%C3%A4yt%C3%B6st%C3%A4.pdf

Juniper extract

Find a Vitamin or Supplement: Juniper. WebMD-tietokanta. http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-724-juniper.aspx?activeingredientid=724&activeingredientname=juniper. Viitattu 13.6.2015

Craig, Karchesy, Blythe, del Pilar González-Hernández, Swan: Toxicity studies on western juniper oil (Juniperus occidentalis) and Port-Orford-cedar oil (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana) extracts utilizing local lymph node and acute dermal irritation assays. Toxicology Letters, 3/2004: 217-24.

Final report on the safety assessment of Juniperus communis Extract, Juniperus oxycedrus Extract, Juniperus oxycedrus Tar, Juniperus phoenicea extract, and Juniperus virginiana Extract. International Journal of Toxicology, 2001; 20 Suppl 2:41-56.

Blueberry leaf extract

Riihinen, Jaakola, Keränlampi, Hohtola: Organ-specific distribution of phenolic compounds in bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and ‘northblue’ blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum x V. angustifolium). Food Chemistry, 1/2008: 156-160

Hosseini Beheshti, Elham: Characterization of antioxidant activities from fruits rich in delphinidin or malvidin anthocyanins. B.Sc. Isfahan Islamic Azad University, 2002

Miko Enomoto T, Johnson T, Peterson N, Homer L, Walts D, Johnson N: Combination glutathione and anthocyanins as an alterna-tive for skin care during external-beam radiation. The American Journal of Surgery, 5/2005: 627-631

Nazaruk J, Galicka A: The influence of selected flavonoids from the leaves of Cirsium palustre (L.) Scop. on collagen expression in human skin fibroblasts. Phytotherapy research, 9/2014: 1399-1405.

Others

Sankelo & Siivari: Bioteollisuuteen soveltuvia Lapin erikoiskasveja: Hanke – Luonnosta teolliseen tuotantoon. 2001-2004

http://www.kuopioinnovation.fi/uploads/aineistopankki/elintarvikekehitys_fi/Selvitys%20marjojen%20terveysvaikutusten%20kliinisest%C3%A4%20tutkimusn%C3%A4yt%C3%B6st%C3%A4.pdf